A sudden or unplanned external insult causes traumatic wounds. There are many types of traumatic wounds, including injuries from road traffic accidents, gunshot wounds, domestic accidents, trips, falls, and burns from heat, cold, electricity, and chemicals. In case of any, one must seek immediate intervention from a wound care surgeon.
The principles of traumatic wound management should be applied in all cases; however, many traumatic wounds require thorough irrigation and debridement, both initially and ongoing through the wound-healing process, as needed. The injury must be protected from further trauma, and the choice of wound care dressing can go some way to achieve this. As with any wound, the underlying cause of the damage must be identified and eliminated or controlled by wound care doctors to avoid the injury's recurrence.
Incision: Usually caused by a ‘slice’ to the skin and underlying tissues by a sharp-edged thing, a shard of glass, scalpel, knife, or a sheet of metal. The edges are usually clearly defined with a little if any, tissue loss. The edges of the wound can be held together without undue tension by mechanical aides. As these wounds heal by primary intention, they require minimal wound care after closure. A hydrofibre and a film dressing are the appropriate wound dressings that promote healing and allow exudate absorption, which is usually minimal in this wound type.