Everything You Need To Know About Wound Vac (Negative Pressure Wound Therapy)

Guidelines for Wound Photography

What Is a Wound Vac?

Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) of a wound is a type of therapy to help the wound heal by decreasing air pressure around a wound. Also known as Negative Pressure Wound Therapy, a healthcare professional/Wound Care Specialist applies a special dressing (bandage) is sealed over the open wound and a vacuum pump is attached that creates negative pressure around the wound and pulls the edges of the wound together to help the wound heal in several ways. In simple words, the wound vacuum device removes air pressure over the area of the wound and keeps it lower than the pressure in the atmosphere. This helps reduce swelling and clean the wound by removing bacteria. 

VAC therapy is equally or more effective than conventional wound closing techniques as it helps in many ways like stimulating the growth of new tissue and preventing infections. In this blog, we are explaining how VAC therapy helps in effective wound healing and its benefits. Let’s have a look:

Where A Wound Vac Therapy Is Beneficial To Use?

There are several types of wounds where wound vac therapy can be used for effective healing. Here they are as follows:

1. Burns - Negative pressure wound therapy helps treat people with burn wounds or soft-tissue trauma. It is a safe and effective option without causing excessive inconveniences in patients.

2. Cesarean delivery (C-section) - VAC therapy can also be used to help prevent infection in women who have had C-section surgery. Plus, it also has positive effects on women with heavyweight and at high risk for developing wound complications.

3. Surgical Wounds -The patients with traumatic injuries and postoperative wounds can also get healing benefits from VAC therapy. Vac helps prevent infections after surgery as well as a cost-effective option that conventional treatment plans.

4. Pressure Ulcers -Also known as chronic or sores can be safely treated with VAC therapy.

Wounds That Are Not Suitable For Wound Vac Therapy

1. Cancer tissue 
2. Infected wounds
3. Areas with poor blood flow 
4. Exposed organs etc.

How Does Wound Vac Therapy Work?

This wound vac therapy includes a vacuum pump, a special bandage for dressing, a canister to collect drainage, and tubing. Firstly, the Wound Care Surgeons will cover your wound with a foam or gauze wound dressing sealed with a thin layer of film. There is an opening in the film that connects to a drainage tube which leads to a portable vacuum pump. When the pump is turned on, it draws fluid and infection from the wound through the foam and also pulls the edges of the wound together. The pump may run all the time or in cycles. It depends on the type of wound vacuum system used. 

The undergoing person wears the device for almost 24 hours per day while they are healing. The dressing needs to be changed once a day or more often depending on the type of wound. You or your caregiver will be trained by wound care experts to do this at home or it may be done by themselves.

What Are The Benefits Of Wound Vac Therapy?

Wound vac is a cost-effective treatment option to treat various types of wounds. It has several benefits including:

1. Reduces swelling and inflammation
2. Removes bacteria and excess drainage from the wound
3. Keeps the wound moist and warm
4. Increased blood flow to the wound
5. Draws wound edges together
6. Decreases redness and overall discomfort

Final Words

Vac therapy is an effective treatment option to treat open wounds and increase the healing process. A variety of wounds can be effectively treated with negative pressure wound therapy which is caused by, for example, burns and C-section, etc. If you are undergoing wound vac therapy, consult your wound care experts and get more information.